Social Democracy

The Missing Money Our Schools Need Now: Education Development Charges in Toronto

Toronto’s students are experiencing overcrowded schools, growing levels of disrepair in schools, and systemic inequities caused by decades of underfunding during a period of unprecedented urban growth. 

Developers ought to contribute to the public infrastructure that allows them to profit, such as schools, transit, and parks. Yet, developers have gotten away with paying zero dollars worth of Educational Development Charges to TDSB schools for over 20 years. Over the same period, TCDSB has collected and invested EDC revenue of over $204 million while disrepair in TDSB schools has grown to almost $4 billion.

This report contains original research outlining the growth of Toronto’s urban development and population, the history of Educational Development Charges, how the missing money has impacted students and their families, case studies of how unfunded development leads to overcrowding and lays out the solution. Research co-sponsored by the Broadbent Institute, Fix Our Schools, Progress Toronto.

This original research is part of our Solving the Parent Trap policy series on education, childcare and inequities during COVID featuring ideas from Janet Davis, Nigel Barriffe, Marit Stiles, Beyhan Fahardi, Maria Dobrinskaya and is edited by Katrina Miller and Brittany Andrew-Amofah.

Download The Missing Money Our Schools Need Now